Monday, May 25, 2020

Drug Policy And Efforts Of Control Substance Abuse

Drug policy and efforts to control substance abuse have resulted in human rights violations in many countries. 27 million people were problem drug users in 2013 (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2013), representing a â€Å"vulnerable and marginalised group† (Petty, 2012). The need for human rights to be at the forefront of any debate, policy or legislation regarding the ‘war on drugs’ is heightened by human rights abuses resulting from such action – namely â€Å"torture and ill-treatment by police, extrajudicial killings, arbitrary detention, and denial of essential medicines and basic health services† (Human Rights Watch, 2009). The term ‘drug user’ can be interpreted in the context of law, culture and science, making the enactment of effective, harm-preventative legislation difficult. However, evidence of a lack of acknowledgement of fundamental human rights in drug reform has lead to such rights violations, often stemming fro m the belief that drug addicts are incapable of â€Å"self-governance and determination†¦ extreme measurers are necessary to save them from themselves† (Petty, 2012). This essay will discuss human rights theories and mechanisms in relation to drug reform and its associated violations of human rights. The right to life, liberty, and health and equality before the law, as addressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), are perhaps the most fundamental rights that have been compromised by drug policy and reform. The INPUD (International NetworkShow MoreRelatedDrug Abuse And Drug Addiction775 Words   |  4 Pages Drug Abuse Treatment 6.15 6.23 6.49 6.73 7.21 7.55 7.66 7.85 7.89 8.83 Percentage of Total Funding 30.9% 30.2% 29.9% 30.8% 29.0% 30.7% 31.4% 32.0% 31.3% 35.0% Drug Abuse Prevention 2.04 1.96 1.93 1.84 1.95 1.56 1.48 1.34 1.28 1.28 Percentage of Total Funding 10.3% 9.5% 8.9% 8.4% 7.8% 6.3% 6.1% 5.5% 5.1% 5.1% Total Demand Reduction 8.19 8.19 8.43 8.57 9.16 9.11 9.14 9.19 9.16 10.10 Percentage of Total Funding 41.2% 39.7% 38Read MoreA Society Without Drugs1263 Words   |  6 PagesA Society without Drugs Have you ever wondered of how wonderful our society would be, if we are able to get rid of Illegal Drug Usage in our community? Despite having tough anti-drug laws, the U.S. has the highest level of illegal drug use in the world. As per the World Health Organization s survey of legal and illegal drug use in 17 countries, U.S report the highest level of drug usage (CBS news). The second-most abused category of drugs after marijuana among young people is the usage of prescriptionRead MoreAbstinence vs. Harm Reduction1733 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"Abstinence Vs. Harm Reduction† â€Å"Drug policy regarding the control of the traditional illicit substances (opiates, cocaine, cannabis) is currently moving through upbeat times in almost all Western countries. Prohibition on the basis of repressive law enforcement not only seems to fail on a large scale, but also to create vast additional costs, problems, and harm for drug consumers, who often find themselves in extreme social, economic, and health conditions† (Fischer 1995: 389). Western countriesRead MoreA Report On Substance Abuse Treatment Essay893 Words   |  4 Pagesexplains substance abuse treatment which our company SAFE Foundation OP Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment Centre treat and educate individuals daily. The Brownsville community is associated with our facility which includes specialized treatment for our patients. Our effective treatment programs focuses on adult and youth, include several different types of interventions simultaneously, and provide intensive treatment. This proposal concludes with comments on improving substance abuse patientsRead MoreDrug Policy, Prescription Drugs, And The United States1393 Words   |  6 PagesOne of the greatest problems we face in America today is the use and abuse of drugs in our country. It is important to find a solution that works within our country to combat the growing populations of our nation’s prisons, keep the supply of drugs under control, and have adequate prevention progr ams in place to help people who need treatment. Throughout reading the material for this course and the research conducted on the topics described in this paper, it is clear that the methods used in earlierRead More Drug Policy Essay1017 Words   |  5 Pages The President’s Drug Policy Introduction nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The following is a summary of the President’s policy emphasizing on the President’s stated objectives. Stopping drug use before it starts, providing drug treatment, and attacking the economic basis of the drug trade are the main positions the President stressed. The President’s policy was analyzed by the important tasks played by law enforcement, schools and the community. The apprehension of major drug organizations willRead MoreThe Abuse Of Illicit Drugs Presents A Detrimental Effect On The Health And Well Being Of Millions Of Americans1133 Words   |  5 PagesThe abuse of illicit drugs presents a detrimental effect on the health and well-being of millions of Americans. People begin to use drugs for a wide variety of reasons: to feel euphoric pleasure, energy or self-confidence; decrease anxiety or depression; increase cognitive or athletic ability; because of rebellion, peer-influence, or simple curiosities (FIX). Initial users are l ikely to experience seemingly positive effects and are naà ¯vely constrained by the addictive propensities of these drugs. EventuallyRead MoreOpioid Abuse Over The Past Decade Essay1166 Words   |  5 PagesThe Problem In the United States, there has been upward swing of opioid abuse over the past decade. Overdose deaths involving opioids – both prescription pain relievers and heroin – almost quadrupled between 1999 and 2014. Well-intentioned efforts to curb prescription opioid abuse have yielded new policies with unfortunate, unforeseen consequences for the 15% of the US population that suffer from chronic pain – nearly 45 million people. Persistent pain has psychological and social implicationsRead MorePrescription Drug Abuse : Drug And Free World1508 Words   |  7 Pagesaged 12 to 17 abuse a prescription pain reliever for the first time (â€Å"Prescription Drug Abuse Statistics – Overdoes Deaths – Drug-Free World,†n.d.) A 2007 survey in the United States found that 3.3% of 12 to 17 years olds and 6% of 17 to 25 year olds had abused prescription drugs in the past month (â€Å"Prescription Drug Abuse Statistics – Overdoes Deaths – Drug-Free World,†n.d.) Prescription drug abuse causes the largest percentage of deaths from drug overdoses (â€Å"Prescription Drug Abuse StatisticsRead MoreYoung Advocates International Advocate Basic Human Rights in Nigeria1538 Words   |  6 Pagesthrough advocacy. Introduction The international drug control effort began fifty years ago with the aim of eradicating the abuse of certain drugs by controlling their supply. A complex international system of enforcement grew on this belief in supply control. Five decades on, the empirical data is available and overwhelming; the system has failed. Worse still, it has become increasingly clear that the human rights costs of pursuing many of its policies render them unjustifiable. From mass incarcerations

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Influence Of Advertising On Consumer Behavior - 2015 Words

Introduction Isn’t it amazing how people go to stores planning to purchase a specific product but come out purchasing many products? Or when a person is watching TV and sees an advertisement about a product and instantly decides to buy it? Do these people know that it is all because of advertising? When people see an advertisement, it immediately changes something in their minds; it can result in making decisions about the product. That is the influence of advertising on consumer behavior. Some people think that they are not affected by advertisements, yet they are affected, but they just don’t realize it. Advertising is â€Å"a form of communication, which is used to persuade a specific group of people to take some new action† (Ahmed Ashfaq, 2013, p. 2). Advertising is essential for every company and business in competition seeking to be successful. The main things they focus on are the consumers and their behavior. Although there are many factors influencing consumers†™ behavior, advertising has the most impact on it in many ways. Background Advertising mainly focuses on building the brand image, providing information about the products and services, and persuading people into making the decision of buying. Without advertising, people would not know what brand is good and what is not. People would also not be attracted to most of the products, and most importantly, people would not know about new products. Moreover, companies also gain a lot from advertising. Each company hasShow MoreRelatedThe Influence Of Visual Advertising On Consumer Behavior Essay1181 Words   |  5 Pageshave played a prominent role in consumer behavior (Barnham 1). As a leading cause to product success rate, a large population of consumers buys a product because of their respective interpretation of respective companies’ advertisements. Visual ads are an important asset to the marketing industry. Paying attention to the rational and emotional needs of the consumer, companies recognize the benefits of productive advertising, in addition to understanding consumer conscience. With the progress ofRead MoreEffects of TV Commercials on Consumers1134 Words   |  5 Pagesthe majority of the companies and their respective products and services would not maximize their ability to reach various consumer bases (commercial. laws). Effects of TV commercials on consumer: Many of the researches have been conducted to see the influence of advertisement or TV commercials on consumer.The findings of these study support the current study that consumers are very much affected through TV advertisement.TV commercials have great ability to create a desire in Audience and persuadeRead MoreEco-Label1336 Words   |  6 PagesIMPACT CONSUMER BEHAVIOR Rumaizah Abd Aziz Faculty of Business Management, UiTM Kedah Abstracts Purpose – The objective of this paper is to determine the impact of consumer behavior through the eco-label products of marketing. Methodology – This paper reviews consumer behavior and advertising to identify how consumers are persuaded to greener product label. The information are collected through journal reading, and searching from website. Keywords – Consumer behavior, green advertising, environmentalRead MoreReligiosity And Islamic Consumer Behavior Essay1071 Words   |  5 PagesReligiosity and Islamic Consumer Behavior Name: Institution: â€Æ' Introduction Consumer behavior is the process by which individuals seek, decide, procure, utilize and dispose of products so as to satisfy their needs and wants. Consumer behavior is attracting interest from scholars especially the marketing psychologists. The concept is important to marketing because it reveals why, when and how consumers make the decisions to buy. Many factors influence consumer behavior, for example, the price,Read MoreUsing Instagram : Motives For Its Use And Relationship1272 Words   |  6 Pages41. Sheldon, P., Bryant, K. (2016). Instagram: Motives for its use and relationship to narcissism and contextual age. Computers in Human Behavior, 58, 89-97. Globally speaking, Instagram is currently the fastest growing social network site. However, the researchers observe little academic research studying who and why people use it. The researchers are interested in the motivations of using Instagram and its relationship towards contextual age and narcissism. The study uses a survey distributedRead MoreAdvertising and Promotion1003 Words   |  5 PagesAdvertising and Promotion Advertising is a form of commercial mass communication designed to promote the sale of a product or service and it also sends messages on behalf of an institution, organization, or candidate for political office. Advertising can be found in cultures from thousands of years ago dating back to 3000 BC in Babylonian times. Back then they only used graphic signs and word of mouth from town criers to promote their product to the people. Today we still use word of mouth ofRead MoreThe Consumer Of Shopper Marketing992 Words   |  4 PagesA deep understanding to the statistics for the American consumer regarding shopper marketing is not just about what activity is in the store but about the capacity to gain an understanding from the influences right around the store brining in the new customers. Know your brand by grasping the benefits and money invested that would influence shopper’s decisions such as in a recession, the non-essentials is hit the hardest. Price is the dominant po wer of selection but is not the only choice. ShopperRead MoreInfluences consumer behavior1461 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿VINAMILK GROUP Describe and analyze consumer behavior of Vinamilk’ customers. I. Purchase decision process: 1. Problem recognition: The demand for milk is a biological need. They arise from a state of physiological of stress such as starvation. 2. Information search: Internal search: Recovering and searching the knowledge; understanding in memory. External search: + Customers can get information from the sellers fully, particularly and exactly. + Nowadays, with modern information technology, supermarketsRead MoreEthics and Innovations in Marketing and Its Relevance with Consumer Behavior1654 Words   |  7 PagesETHICS AND INNOVATIONS IN MARKETING AND ITS RELEVANCE WITH CONSUMER BEHAVIOR Kishor N. Choudhary N.S.B.College, Nanded ABSTRACT: In order to be consumer-oriented, marketing will have to be truthful and ethical. That is why it is very important in marketing, as in any other field; to apply the principles of Ethics It is also important to apply the processes of innovation, to find new ways of marketing effectively. This Paper explains the concept of Ethics in Marketing and overview a number of issuesRead MoreTaking a Look at Manipulative Advertising773 Words   |  3 Pages​The meaning of advertising is the act or practice of calling public attention to ones product, service, need, etc(cited in Collins English Dictionary). It has various forms such as televisions, newspapers, magazines, radios, mobiles, books, mailboxes, and through the networks. Advertising has become a part of our daily lives, and it affects our way of life because advertisements are everywhere: in the streets, supermarkets, shops and malls. In fact, advertising is one of the most influential

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter - 1628 Words

The book, The Scarlet Letter, is about the struggle three people face while trying to live their lives and find happiness. In the early 1640s, Hester has come to the small town of Boston, Massachusetts, while her husband, Chillingworth, was back in Great Britain. Hester and Arthur Dimmesdale, the town s priest, engage in the act of adultery and have a baby girl named Pearl, though only Hester knows that Dimmesdale is the father. She has promised Dimmesdale not to give up his identity. Hester is put on display in front of the whole town to punish her, She is then put in jail with her young child for a few months and is forever made to wear a scarlet letter A, which stands for Adultery. Hester s husband, Roger Chillingworth, who had been captured by native American Indians on his way to New England and held in captivity for two years, escaped and entered the town of Boston. After learning of what Hester had done, Chillingworth poses as a doctor and vows to discover the identity of Hester s partner in sin. Hester agrees to keep his true identity a secret, too. Each character in the book represents one or more philosophies including Romanticism, Reason, and Puritanism that one could adhere to in life. Romanticism focuses on the individual and preaches finding truth, Reason, involves the belief that one can use logic to solve anything and a perfect society will create perfect men, and Puritanism, where all that matters to anyone is God. In the novel, TheShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 2314 Words   |  10 PagesKatya Flaska American Literature Period 5 10 August 2014 The Scarlet Letter Book Analysis 1. The book is The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorn. The genre of the novel is historical fiction. 2. The preamble describes how the book came to be written. The narrator was a surveyor of the customhouse in Salem, where he discovered documents he used to write the story. He uncovered a manuscript with a scarlet â€Å"A†, which contained the events recorded by a previous surveyor in the 1600s. When the narratorRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 1120 Words   |  5 Pages From the very first chapter, the Scarlet Letter guides readers on a journey that explores the darkness of the human heart and redemption from sin. It is in the Massachusetts Bay Colony that we introduced to a trio of characters interconnected by their sins: an adulteress, a minister and a physician. The adulteress is a woman named Hester Prynne who, as punishment for her transgressions, must wear a scarlet A on chest and is shunned by her community. Yet, Hester s eventual acceptance of herRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 1141 Words   |  5 PagesBlake Allison P#1 AP NOVEL FORM 1. Title: The Scarlet Letter 2. Author and date of first publication: Nathaniel Hawthorne, 1850 3. List four main characters with a one-sentence description of each. a. Hester Prynne- Hester Prynne, the protagonist and wearer of the scarlet letter, is a very independent, loving, intelligent, and at times depressed woman who is the mother of Pearl. b. Arthur Dimmesdale- Arthur Dimmesdale, the father of Pearl, is a reverend in town who is greatly honored forRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 1563 Words   |  7 PagesReading The Scarlet Letter again, I imagine Hester Prynne as she steps out of the Boston jail. She carries her out-of-wedlock baby in her arms but does not hide the A she wears on her breast. Her crime, though it will never be named in the book by more than an initial, is placed on exhibition. Yet she has converted the letter into her own statement by fantastic flourishes of gold embroidery. She is a mystery beyond the reach not only of her fellow Bostonians but also of the readerRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 1404 Words   |  6 Pageswhere the scarlet letter, A, is an extended metaphor that symbolizes a multitude of things: adultery, sin, charity, righteousness, grace, and the danger of merely thinking symbolically. It also compares and contrasts the current states of Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, and Arthur Chillingworth. With this, it has a logical progression to the book’s ultimate conclusion. This section can be done in a bulleted format with brief (2-3 sentences) summaries by chapter if that works for the book. Chapter 1:Read MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 1143 Words   |  5 PagesIn the book,The Scarlet Letter, there are many questions that grab the reader’s attention. One of the most intriguing and thought ­provoking question is, â€Å"Is Hester Prynne a good mother and should she be allowed to keep Pearl?† This question does not have a simple yes or no answer, the reader must take into account many things the author mentions in the book. However, after careful consideration, one might find that Hester is not, in fact, a good mother, but should be allowed to keep Pearl. ThereRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 1184 Words   |  5 PagesAs I began my summer reading assignment I wasn’t too amused at the beginning chapters of the â€Å"Scarlet Letter,† With Hawthorne throwing around words like â€Å"quietude† I wasn’t sure if it was truly the difference in his old English speech, or if he was tossing in obscure words just to send people looking through their dictionaries to find out if he had, in fact, made the word up, or not. But, as I delved deeper into Hawthorn’s work I found a brilliant story with some of the richest charactersRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter Essay1022 Words   |  5 Pagesand women was even more prominent and obvious during the antebellum era. In The Scarlet Letter By Nathanial Hawthorne there was Hester Prynne and in The Two Offers By Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, there was Janette Alston. Both of these women, rose above the rest, through adversity, hardship, and against all odds still came out on top, even during a time period that didn’t appreciate a strong woman. In â€Å"The Scarlet Letter†, Hester Prynne, was thrown in jail and forced to wear a symbol of her sin andRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 2029 Words   |  9 PagesThe Evolution of the A in The Scarlet Letter â€Å"So, in the course of the novel, the ‘A’ seems to encompass the entire range of human beingness, from the earthly and passionate ‘adulteress’ to the pure and spiritual ‘angel,’ taking into account everything in between,† begins Claudia Durst Johnson (128). Many believe the A in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter possesses only one meaning - adulterer; however, Hawthorne imbues the symbolic letter with diverse definitions. In the novel, HawthorneRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Scarlet Letter 1961 Words   |  8 PagesVital to the â€Å"A† The Scarlet Letter is a book complete of secrets and deceptions. The book teaches you about the difference about telling the truth or keeping it a secret. It shows you the challenges of both telling the truth and keeping a secret from everyone. There are many vital scenes throughout the book. With many of the scenes, if they weren’t in the book it would have had a completely different ending. The Scarlet Letter is a book full of eventful scenes that keep the book both exciting and interesting

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Growing Up Reflective free essay sample

I never understood adults. They drink water that burns your throat and set straws on fire and sip the air. When they get together they are always loud and they pay me less attention. Yes, I thought all adults were weird, until I met my Uncle Clinton. He liked to play the drums and he wore army pants and t-shirts with funny quotes or pictures. Uncle Clinton had a funny cartoon giggle when he laughed and love to eat all kinds of junk food. We always had fun together. We watched cartoons and played video games. He was almost as old as my mommy and I never thought that a grown up would ever understand us kids. One day my family decided to have a barbeque. At every family gathering the adults like to sit at a long rectangular, wooden table and play dominoes. My uncle liked to play too so he sat down with the adults as well. We will write a custom essay sample on Growing Up Reflective or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Then, it suddenly hit me; I knew how to play dominoes. Why couldn’t I play with the adults? This is my chance to prove that I am worthy of their loud laughs and conversation. I have the skills to act like an adult. â€Å" Let me play, I know how to play†, I bothered my mother while tugging on her shirt. â€Å" No sweetie this is for adults, go watch the smaller children†. â€Å"Uncle Clinton, you know that I know how to play please ask them if I could play†, I begged my uncle. â€Å"Hey everyone†, my uncle said confidently, â€Å"Theresa said she’s got more skills then all of us put together and if you don’t let her play you all are just scared to lose†. I felt much better. I wanted to run to my room and put on my moms red heels and princess make up, but then I would lose my chance and nothing was going to take this from me. I was having fun for a while but the adults held weird conversations. They talked about TV shows I didn’t watch, they spoke big words I haven’t learned, and other words I wouldn’t say. I played okay and my uncle was there to make sure I played good, but he knew what they were saying and I didn’t. I knew he didn’t have time to explain every line they blurted out. So I continued my playing until the game was over. I realized that no matter how hard I tried I would just have to wait until I was older. I may not act as wild as they do and drink better water then they do, but I probably won’t understand them until I am their age. Well, my birthday is in five weeks. I will be ten years old; you know the â€Å"two-digit number birthday†. I hope I will understand more on my birthday, but until then I think I will stick with my cartoons and video games.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Microeconomics Project free essay sample

For instance, will buyers or sellers pay a larger portion of the tax per unit? Explain. Alike the weight on buyers’ tax accepted by them is more for goods that have inelastic demand. Based on the elasticity classifications their effect on tax revenue, and tax incidence, which goods would the government prefer to tax? The Government tax goods with inelastic demand like meats, bread, soft drinks as people will devour for these items in the face of the change in price Part 2: Research the effect of changes in cigarette taxes on tax revenue for a state. Does this change indicate cigarettes have an elastic or inelastic demand in that state? Support your answer I have chosen Indiana where I am and Illinois and Michigan which are close to Indiana. State and local tobacco tax revenue select years 2008 to 2010 thousand of dollars Indiana 519,871-2008, 510,585-2009, 484,686-2010, Illinois 827,484-2008, 770,648-2009, 746,953-2010, Michigan 1,076,087-2008, 1,043,532-2009, 1,057,495-2010 What is showed is that cigarettes have an inelastic a decrease in price reduces revenue the increase in quantity demanded is proportionally smaller than the decrease in price. We will write a custom essay sample on Microeconomics Project or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Cambodia essays

Cambodia essays The worst blow fell in 1975, when the Khmer Rouge (red Khmer) guerrillas under the leadership of Pol Pot overthrew the Khmer Republic and established Democratic Kampuchea. The Khmer Rouge were, at least partially, a reaction to the loss of political power and the social disorder brought on by the regional wars of the 1960s and 1970s, as well as an extreme and localized response to the growing question of Khmer identity in a region dominated and fought over by world powers. Shortly after its independence in 1954, Cambodia felt the pull of the superpowers. The U.S., China, and Vietnam already had significant interests in the country, but Sihanouk, Cambodias king, maintained control and declared neutrality. China was one of the first countries to send military aid in 1963. China supported Sihanouk publicly throughout his reign as king and president, but radical parties in the government supported the inner circle of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. From the 1950s to the mid 1960s, Cambodia prospered. Modernization, development, and substantial foreign aid flowed in under Sihanouk's rule. As in the past, this success was dependent on the behavior of Cambodia's neighbors and on the policies of more powerful nations. Cambodia was neutral for as long as it served the interests of other states. From the mid 1960s, Cambodia became more and more entangled in the regional war. By the early 1970s, as the Khmer Rouge gained strength and control over vast areas of the countryside, the war absorbed Cambodia. Though global factors clearly transformed Cambodia against its will after the 1960s, internal conditions set the stage for the results that followed. These conditions include Khmer cultural factors, the history of nationalism and racism, peasant culture, and the effects of economic development in a global economy. Khmer culture tends toward respect and fear of authority. Khmers view the country as one large family,...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Storm Chasing Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Storm Chasing - Assignment Example Prior to the beginning of a tornado, forecasters are concerned about the potential of a tornado outbreak. These are called the ingredients of a tornado outbreak or the classical elements of a tornado production. Among of which includes a very warm and humid air near the surface with colder air aloft, strong variations of winds with height (vertical wind shear), an upper-level storm system plowing into the Southeast, and a cold front (Henson, 2011, n.p.). Tornadoes developed in a condition that spawns atmospheric setting for severe thunderstorm. The warm, humid air is overlain by a cooler, drier air aloft that leads to atmospheric instability and when a low level jet and polar jet stream provide strong vertical wind shear, the surface air is forced upward and large super cells thunderstorms spawning tornadoes may form. Most tornado outbreaks occur in Tornado Alley (from West Texas northeast through the western and central portions of Oklahoma and Kansas and across most of Nebraska) an d during the spring and summer due to the presence of warm surface air ground (Rafferty, 2011, 170). Mortalities and case fatalities from tornado outbreaks are extremely high. ... Please make a list of your recommendations and provide justification for each. After the disaster brought by the typhoon Katrina, a number of structural defects and personnel failures were noted. These have made the city of New Orleans at risk for the aftermath of another Katrina-like disaster. The structural defect being pointed out is the design, foundation, and composition of the New Orleans and Gulf Coast communities’ protection against raging storms (Fischetti, 2005, n.p.) while personnel failures include neglect of duties, insufficient actions or poor decisions, systems failure, and lack of effective leadership (Collins et al., 2006, 2). Instead of redesigning a single levee which can compromise the safety of New Orleans residents, the author recommends the construction of floodwalls which require less land than a levee and can stand on earthen foundations. In addition, constructing flood walls are much better because levees starved the wetlands south and east of the cit y of the sediment, nutrients and freshwater they need to thrive, cut off sediment flow that builds barrier islands ringing the delta, and impact economy because of rebuilding costs and food price hike due to food shortage. Meanwhile, recommendations to address personnel failures include: development of an effective response emergency/disaster preparedness headed by the chief executive to centralize and coordinate emergency actions; initiating a planning exercise or drill from federal, state, local officials, media, and citizens featuring a storm-like scenario to determine and address faults in the system and inform the public of things to do in case of a disaster; devotion of sufficient